Citizens United
National Action and Responses

Articles in this section discuss efforts on the national level to address issues with campaign finance reform.

American Anti-Corruption Act
This article documents a “fiercely non-partisan movement to pass tough anti-corruption laws in cities and states across America, and end the legalized corruption that has come to define modern politics”

Federal Campaign Finance Legislation Since CU
This article documents legislation introduced since 2010 in the United States Congress to address reform, transparency, disclosure, and regulation with regard to campaign finance issues. It is important for constituents to know how their elected officials have voted on these important issues. Legislators from Washington State proposing and/or voting for or against the legislation are identified. Some members of the U.S. House and Senate work doggedly for transparency, disclosure and election finance reform; and some members consistently vote against such legislation. Committee chairs determine whether a bill will move past the committee stage, which means most bills are never allowed a vote on the floor of the House or Senate. 

Federal Public Campaign Funding Efforts
​This article provides an inventory of attempted legislative actions to address public financing of elections as a legislative solution to the effects of Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. It also provides information about cases in which the League of Women Voters has lobbied on the bills. In the description of each bill, the role of Washington State Congressional delegation members has been highlighted. 

LWV Updated Campaign Finance Positions
This article provides an inventory of the work done by the League of Women Voters at the national, state and local levels related to campaign finance.

LWV Work on Campaign Finance Reform
This article report documents the efforts by League of Women Voters of Washington (LWVWA) and League of Women Voters of Massachusetts (LWVMA) to compel an updated position by the League of Women Voters of the United States (LWVUS) regarding campaign finance reform. The saga begins at the 2012 LWV national convention in Washington D.C., and ends at the 2014 LWV national convention in Dallas. 

Historical Background
​        Introduction to CU V FEC
        Powell Memorandum    
​        The Path
​        The View From 2015                 

Key Aspects of Citizens United
        Wake Up Call
        Citizen Disillusionment
        Protections of the First Amendment Rights

Impact of Money in Politics
        Campaign Spending and Voter Behavior
        Campaign Contributions and Policy Making
        David and Goliath
        Contributions Help Access to Officials

Regulatory Agencies
        Federal Election Commission (FEC)
        Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
        Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
        Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

National Action and Responses
        American Anti-Corruption Act
        Federal Campaign Finance Legislation Since CU
        Federal Public Campaign Funding Efforts
        LWV Updated Campaign Finance Positions
        LWV Work on Campaign Finance Reform                       

Actions in Washington State
        PDLs at Risk
        Protecting WAs PDLs
        Role of Wealth in WA Politics
        Washington Campaign Finance Legislation Since CU
        WA Constitution Amendment Initiatives   
        WA Public Campaign Financing

Forum Tools
        Guidelines for Forums
        Democracy in the Balance (PowerPoint)
        Money in Politics and the Aftermath of CU (PowerPoint)