Citizens United
Toolkit
​Regulatory Agencies


There are four Federal regulatory agencies which have legal jurisdiction allowing them to curb campaign spending. They are: 1) the Federal Election Commission (FEC), 2) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), 3) the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and, 4) Security and Exchange Commission (SEC). Articles in this section discuss these agencies.


Federal Elections Commission (FEC)
​This article discusses how the Federal Elections Commission (FEC) could control the excess of money in politics through regulations and why it is not happening. Other reports cover the other agencies. 

Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
This article discusses how the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) could control the excess of money in politics through regulations and the slow dismantling of the IRS’s ability to enforce its regulations over the past half century. Other reports cover the other agencies.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
This article discusses how the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) can control the excess of money in politics through regulations and why it is not happening

Securities Exchange Commision (SEC)
This article discusses how the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC could control the excess of money in politics through regulations and why it is not happening. Other reports cover the other agencies.
Sections



Historical Background
​        Introduction to CU V FEC
        Powell Memorandum    
​        The Path
​        The View From 2015                 


Key Aspects of Citizens United
        Wake Up Call
        Citizen Disillusionment
        Protections of the First Amendment Rights

Impact of Money in Politics
        Campaign Spending and Voter Behavior
        Campaign Contributions and Policy Making
        David and Goliath
        Contributions Help Access to Officials

Regulatory Agencies
        Federal Election Commission (FEC)
        Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
        Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
        Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

National Action and Responses
        American Anti-Corruption Act
        Federal Campaign Finance Legislation Since CU
        Federal Public Campaign Funding Efforts
        LWV Updated Campaign Finance Positions
        LWV Work on Campaign Finance Reform                       

Actions in Washington State
        PDLs at Risk
        Protecting WAs PDLs
        Role of Wealth in WA Politics
        Washington Campaign Finance Legislation Since CU
        WA Constitution Amendment Initiatives   
        WA Public Campaign Financing

Forum Tools
        Guidelines for Forums
        Democracy in the Balance (PowerPoint)
        Money in Politics and the Aftermath of CU (PowerPoint)